SAMPLE                       Planning Steps for Independent Project

Directions: Write for approximately five minutes for each of the questions below. Email the finished product to your instructor.

1. List, web, or free write your thoughts about what are you interested in?

Teaching learning, children, learning and development of thinking related to mathematics and science. Mathematics manipulation and observation patterns as the beginning and process for the development of all mathematical ideas.

2. List, web, or free write your thoughts about what you know? (About what you are interested in)

Children think with objects
Mental manipulation starts with physical manipulation
All learning begins with concrete thinking
Physical objects can be represented with symbols

3. What more would you like to know? (About what you are interested in)

Current research of systematic manipulation as explanation for all mathematical concepts.

4. What do you want to do with what you know?

Create a hierarchy of mathematical understanding through physical manipulation of objects.
Then match or develop activities to assist math knowledge and construction of mathematical ideas.

5. Who will it benefit?

This will help assist teachers’ facilitation of children’s mathematical literacy.

6. Who will be the recipients of this product or benefactors?

Teachers or anyone interested in math.

7. What goals do you share in common with those people?

Desire to learn, teach, facilitate learning of mathematics.

8. What road blocks are there in the creation of the product or the realization of its benefits?


9. What do you need to do to accomplish your goal?

Resources such as ...
Find time and get started.

10. Complete the following sentence…

Your topic here is like put a word or phrase here to finish the analogy.

A documented describing children’s conceptualization of concrete manipulation (external representation) and observation related to mathematical thinking is like a teaching guide to use to facilitate children’s development of mathematical literacy (internal representations) through their explorations of the world as mathematicians.


Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©