National Standards - Information and Directory


Standards offer opportunities to systemically improve education. They provide a framework to review current curricula. Review, that provides an opportunity to reflect and compare the quality of your current curricula. A process which can provide confidence the content and pedagogy in your curricula is coherent content and will provide your learners appropriate, rigorous and focused experiences to achieve the educational goals and develop life long learner capable of sustaining their life, their communities, and our Earth.

Documents to support educational reform

Evaluating and Comparing Standards

Standards are continuously created. Each set, usually created by a committee, is created based on different concerns and issues that influence their decisions of what is included and the dimensions and categories they choose, the information to include, and how the information is organized. These decisions of what is included and omitted influences their description of literacy and more importantly the content and quality of what will be taught and learned by their students.

To evaluate the comprehensiveness of a set of standards, four common dimensions have been identified for inclusion in a comprehensive description of any discipline or subject. The omission of any of these dimensions will result in an insufficient set of standards that will not be comprehensive and attain literacy for the discipline or subject. The four dimensions include:

  1. Practices, processes, and skills on how to inquire in the subject,
  2. Attitude, values, and dispositions that assist better uses of the subject,
  3. Perspective or parameters of use for the subject and connections within and without the subject, and
  4. Content knowledge of the subject created by doing the subject.  

A comprehensive discussion of these dimensions is included in the subtopic: Subject Knowledge Organization Their Common Categories or Dimensions! in the essay on Being a Teacher: What Outstanding Teachers Know and Do


Standards by Discipline or Subject

Multiple Disciplines or Subject Standards

Common core Common Core State Standards Initiative

P21 Partnership for 21st Century Learning

Project 2061

Mathematics Standards

Common Core State Standards for math

NCTM National Council of Teachers of Mathematics

Science Standards

Next Generation Science Standards

K–12 Next Generation Science Standards were completed and published 2013.

National Science Teachers Association

Next generation science standard (2016)

Framework for K-12 Science Education Practices (2012)

Comparison of science standards

National Science Standards (1995)

Language Arts Standards

Media Standards

Health and PE Standards

Art Standards

Music Standards

Social science Standards

Links to other Standards

Representative State Standards


Dr. Robert Sweetland's notes
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